Technical Rules to be Amended August 2004

(TC Meeting held on 13 August 2004 – Appendix 1)

3.2       The Orienteering Championship Competition is the official event to award the title of OAHK Champion.  It is organised under the authority of the OAHK. Orienteering Championship Competitions shall include Classic distance, Middle distance and Sprint competitions.  There is one class for women and one class for men, with no age restrictions.


3.3       The Ranking League Competitions are open orienteering competitions selected by the OAHK to rank its members based on their performance in the competition season.  Winners of the Ranking League shall be awarded the title of OAHK ‘Class’ Champion.  Ranking League Competitions shall comprise of not more than five individual, day, classic distance open orienteering competitions. Competitors are divided into classes according to their sex and age. 


 3.4     The Birney Memorial Competition is a pair, day, score competition. The Night Orienteering Championship is an individual, night, classic distance competition. The Sport Festival Relay Competition is a day, relay competition. And, the Youth Orienteering Championship is an individual, day, classic distance competition for competitors below the age of 23.  These competitions are other annual competitions organised under the authority of the OAHK.


3.5      The Colour Coded Events are orienteering competitions opened to all runners.  Different courses are designed to provide different levels of technical challenge and physical demand and runners are allowed to enter any course in any event irrespective of age and sex.   


3.6      Open Orienteering Competitions are orienteering competitions organised by the Association, or by clubs on behalf of the Association, or by any club appointed by the Association for members of the Association and/or open to all runners.  Competitors are divided into classes according to their age and sex.


3.7       Ranking League Competitions shall not be organised with less than 14 days in between.


5.9       D21E and H21E (DE, HE) classes in the Ranking League Competitions are for elite runners selected by the OAHK.


8.2       The normal start interval for the DE and HE classes should not be less than 2 minutes.  The normal start interval for all other classes should not be less than one minute.


9.3      The competition terrain shall normally be embargoed as soon as it is decided by the Organiser.  If that is not possible, then arrangements for access to the terrain must be published as soon as possible.


10.1    Maps, course markings and additional overprinting shall be drawn and printed according to the International Orienteering Federation (IOF) International Specification for Orienteering Maps (2000 ed.) or the IOF International Specification for Sprint Orienteering Maps.  Deviations need the approval of the Technical Secretary.


10.2    The map scale for classic distance races shall be 1:10,000. The map scale for middle distance races and for relays shall be 1:10,000 or 1:5,000.  The map scale for Sprint shall be 1:5000 or less.


12.2    Out-of-bounds or dangerous areas, forbidden routes, line features that shall not be crossed, etc shall be marked on the map. If necessary, they shall also be marked on the ground. Competitors shall not enter, follow or cross such areas, routes or features.


13.4    For interval start competitions, separate control description lists for each course shall be available at the pre-start, (for each competitor on the course),


14.6    Each control shall be identified with a code number, which shall be fixed to the control so that a competitor using the marking device can clearly read the code. Numbers less than 31 may not be used. The figures shall be black on white, between 5 and 10 cm in height and have a line thickness of 5 to 10 mm.  Horizontally displayed codes shall be underlined if they could be misinterpreted by being read upside down (e.g. 161).


15.6    A competitor with a control punch missing or unidentifiable shall not be placed unless it can be established with certainty that the punch missing or unidentifiable is not the competitor’s fault and that the competitor visited the control. In this exceptional circumstance, other evidence may be used to prove that the competitor visited the control, such as evidence from control officials or cameras or read-out from the control unit.  In all other circumstances, such evidence is not acceptable and the competitor must be disqualified.


17.13 Once a relay team has accepted its disqualification, no further members of that team shall be allowed to start.


18.5    The finishing time shall be measured when the competitor’s chest crosses the finish line or when the competitor punches at the finish line. Times shall be rounded down to whole seconds, or to whole tenths of a second in Sprint races if suitable equipment, approved by the IOF. And suitable procedures are used. Times shall be given in either hours, minutes and seconds or in minutes and seconds only.


20.2     In an individual interval start race, competitors are expected to navigate and run through the terrain independently.


20.6    The organiser shall bar from the competition any competitor who is so well acquainted with the terrain or the map, that the competitor would have a substantial advantage over other competitors. .


21.3    Any complaint shall be made in writing to the organiser as soon as possible.  A complaint is adjudicated by the organiser. The complainant shall be informed about the decision immediately.


21.5     The organiser may set a time limit for complaints and must publish it before the competition.

22.3    Any protest shall be made in writing to the organiser/a member of the jury   no later than 30 minutes after the organiser’s has announced the decision about the complaint.


24.1    An appeal may be made against infringements of these rules if a jury is not yet set up, or if the event is over and the jury have dispersed.


24.2    An appeal may only be made by clubs.


24.6     The Technical Secretary shall deal with the Appeal.


 (The whole of Appendix A is amended)


Appendix A             Ranking League Competitions and Colour Coded Events


A.1  Ranking League Competitions


A.1.1   The following classes shall be offered in a Champions League Competition :



Age of Competitor

D14  H14

Not older than 14

D16 H16

Not older than 16

D18 H18

Not older than 18

D20 H20

Not older than 20

D35 H35

Not younger than 35

D40 H40

Not younger than 40


Not younger than 45


Not younger than 50

D21 H21





A.1.2   The following maximum course length and expected winning time shall be observed by the course planner. The expected winning time shall be the decisive factor in course planning.



Expected winning time

Maximum course length


70-90 min

8.5 km

H21, H35

70-90 min

7.5 km

DE, H20, H40

60-80 min

7 km

D21, D35, H45,

40-60 min

5.5 km

D20, D40, H18, H50

45-65 min

5 km

D18, H16

40-60 min

4 km

D16, H14

30-50 min

3.5 km



20-40 min

3 km


A.1.3   The Organiser shall allow all the runners of DE and HE classes to start before other classes.


A 1.4   Not more than 30 competitors shall be selected the Technical Secretary (in consultation with the Training and Coaching Secretary and the Selection Secretary) to run in the DE or HE classes respectively in the Ranking League Competitions for a Competition Season.  Overall Ranking League results of the DE, HE, D21A and H21A classes and other Championship results or the previous season shall be the main consideration but runners of other classes with comparable results shall also be considered.


A.1.5   Ranking scores of a competitor in a ranking competition is calculated as follows:


Competitor’s Ranking Score


1000 x Fastest finish time in the class /

Competitor’s Finish time


A.1.6   The overall ranking score of a competitor in a competition season is the average of his or her three highest-ranking scores. 


A.1.7 The overall ranking score of a competitor who has assisted in the organisation  of a Ranking League competition, who is unable to participate in that competition, shall be the average of his or her two highest-ranking scores.  The name of the competitor must be registered by the Organiser with the Technical Secretary at least two week before the competition.  Not more than twenty officials can be registered by the Organiser.


A.1.8   A competitor’s result in a Ranking League Competition shall be counted towards ranking if he or she has registered as a member of the Association three weeks before the competition.


A.1.9   A club shall not organise more than one Ranking League Competition in a competition season. 


A.1.10 The organiser of Ranking League competitions shall provide the Association with a complete results list of all competitors in the specified format.


A.1.11 Clocks with digital display shall be put up at the Event Centre showing the official event time and at the Start showing the time to enter the start area.  The official time shall not be earlier than the time of the observatory.



A.2.     Colour Coded Event


A.2.1   A maximum of seven courses shall be offered in a Colour Coded Event. 


A.2.2   The following maximum course length and level of difficulty shall be observed by the organiser. 



Maximum Length

Level of Difficulty


2 km

CATI and Family


3 km



4-5 km



3-4 km



5-6 km



4 km



6 km